Relationships, Sex and Health Education

At Knowles, we believe that a quality, well-delivered PSHE curriculum is at the forefront in equipping our pupils to be happy, healthy and responsible members of society. Our broad, balanced, progressive curriculum offers a range of learning experiences that provide our pupils with the knowledge and skills needed to successfully tackle the social, moral, spiritual and cultural issues that face the children growing-up in their local environment.

All that we do is underpinned by our school values:

What is PSHE (Personal, Social, Health Education)?

PSHE is a planned programme of learning through which children and young people acquire the knowledge, understanding and skills they need to manage their lives – now and in the future. As part of a whole-school approach, PSHE develops the qualities and attributes children need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.

Our PSHE curriculum:

  • Develops the whole child; social, moral, spiritual, cultural, mental and physical development
  • Prepares our children for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences for now and later life
  • Promotes British values

What is RSHE (Relationships, Sex, Health Education)?

The Department for Education (DfE) announced that Relationship and Health Education is compulsory for primary aged children from September 2020. Sex education remains non-statutory.

Health Education includes learning about the ‘changing adolescent body’ to equip children to understand and cope with puberty. The National Curriculum for Science (also a compulsory subject), includes learning the correct names for the main external body parts, learning about the human body as it grows from birth to old age and reproduction (including puberty) in some plants and animals.

Relationships Education, Health Education and Science are compulsory subjects and parents/carers do NOT have the right to withdraw their children from these subjects. We will inform parents when these topics are being taught so that they can support their children with this learning at home.

The DfE guidance states sex education is not compulsory in Primary schools. As a primary school, we will deliver additional content on sex education to meet the needs of our pupils which includes ‘conception’ and ‘human reproduction’. We will inform parents by letter when these topics are being taught and parent/carers DO have the right to request their child is withdrawn from these specific lessons.


At Knowles, we use ‘Jigsaw’ to support our planning of our weekly PSHE lessons. These are used alongside our own PSHE pathway to meet the needs of our community. We teach additional units for example; gang awareness, FGM, dental health, mental health and rights of child often supported by external providors and specialists.

Jigsaw is a comprehensive PSHE programme for the whole primary school from Early Years through to Year 6. Jigsaw is designed as a whole school approach, with all year groups working on the same theme at the same time. This ensures that there is a clear sequence as well as age appropriate progression in knowledge and skills.

The Six core themes:

  • ‘Being Me In My World’ covers a wide range of topics, including a sense of belonging, welcoming others and being part of a school community, a wider community, and a global community; it also looks at children’s rights and responsibilities, working and socialising with others, and pupil voice.
  • ‘Celebrating Difference’ focuses on similarities and differences and teaches about diversity, such as disability, racism, power, friendships, and conflict; children learn to accept differences, and children explore bullying – what it is and what it isn’t.
  • ‘Dreams and Goals’ aims to help children think about their hopes and dreams, their goals for success, what personal strengths are, and how to overcome challenges, via teamwork skills and tasks. There is also a focus on enterprise and fundraising. Children learn about experiencing and managing feelings of pride, ambition, disappointment, success; and they get to share their aspirations, the dreams and goals of others in different cultures/countries, and their dreams for the world.
  • ‘Healthy Me’ covers two main areas of health: Emotional health (relaxation, being safe, friendships, mental health skills, body image, relationships with food, managing stress) and Physical health (eating a balanced diet, physical activity, rest and relaxation, keeping clean, drugs and alcohol, being safe, first aid) in order for children to learn that health is a very broad topic.
  • ‘Relationships’ has a wide focus, looking at diverse topics such as families, friendships, pets and animals, and love and loss. A vital part of this theme is about safeguarding and keeping children safe; children learn how to deal with conflict, their own strengths and self-esteem. They have the chance to explore roles and responsibilities in families, and look at stereotypes.
  • ‘Changing Me’ deals with change of many types, from growing from young to old, becoming a teenager, assertiveness, self-respect and safeguarding. Self and body image, puberty, attraction and accepting change are diverse subjects for children to explore. Each year group thinks about looking ahead, moving year groups or the transition to secondary school. Life cycles and how babies are made and grow are treated sensitively and are designed to meet children’s needs. All year groups learn about how people and bodies change.


In September 2020, we consulted with parents, children, staff and governors about our PSHE and RSHE policy. The consultation leaflet and year group overviews are attached below.

  • Download Our RSHE Consultation Leaflet

Before we teach children about the changing body or Sex Education, we always notify parents. This enables parents to support their children at home, ask staff any questions they may have and see the learning material. Letters detailing what is taught in each year group are attached below.

If you have any questions about PSHE or RSHE please contact Sophie Simpson – Deputy Headteacher via the school office.

  • Download Our PSHE Policy
  • Download Our RSE Policy