Our PSHE curriculum 


At Knowles Primary School, our PSHE curriculum is ambitious, well-sequenced and progressive. Equipping our pupils with the skills they need to be happy, healthy and responsible members of society. We offer a range of learning experiences that provide our pupils with the knowledge and skills needed to successfully tackle the social, moral, spiritual and cultural issues that face the children growing-up in their local environment.


PSHE at Knowles is underpinned by our school values and the fundamental British Values:

  • Democracy
  • Rule of Law
  • Individual Liberty
  • Mutual respect and Tolerance 


Our PSHE curriculum meets the aims of the Relationships and Health Education statutory guidance (as set out by the Department for Education), including the non-statutory sex education. Our PSHE curriculum is supported by Kapow RSE and PSHE, a comprehensive scheme of work that enables us to deliver an ambitious PSHE curriculum from EYFS through to Year 6, covering key areas which will support children to make informed choices now and in the future around their health, safety, wellbeing, relationships, and financial matters and will support them in becoming confident individuals and active members of society. 


Our curriculum offer is enhanced by age appropriate additional learning opportunities, trips and visits from specialist external providers to meet the needs of our community for example; Youth MK: Gang Awareness, Oxford Against Cutting: FGM, Hazard Alley: Online Safety and safety within the community, Harry’s Rainbow: Bereavement, Saplings Children’s Centre: local community support groups, PCSO: knife crime.

What is PSHE (Personal, Social, Health Education)?

PSHE is a planned programme of learning through which children and young people acquire the knowledge, understanding and skills they need to manage their lives – now and in the future. As part of a whole-school approach, PSHE develops the qualities and attributes children need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.

What is RSHE (Relationships, Sex, Health Education)?

The Department for Education (DfE) announced that Relationship and Health Education is compulsory for primary aged children from September 2020. Sex education remains non-statutory.

Health Education includes learning about the ‘changing adolescent body’ to equip children to understand and cope with puberty. The National Curriculum for Science (also a compulsory subject), includes learning the correct names for the main external body parts, learning about the human body as it grows from birth to old age and reproduction (including puberty) in some plants and animals.

Relationships Education, Health Education and Science are compulsory subjects and parents/carers do not have the right to withdraw their children from these subjects. We will inform parents when these topics are being taught so that they can support their children with this learning at home.

The DfE guidance states sex education is not compulsory in Primary schools. As a primary school, we will deliver additional content on sex education to meet the needs of our pupils which includes ‘conception’ and ‘human reproduction’. We will inform parents by letter when these topics are being taught and parent/carers do have the right to request their child is withdrawn from these specific lessons.

Before we teach children about the changing body or Sex Education, we always notify parents. This enables parents to support their children at home, ask staff any questions they may have and see the learning material.

If you have any questions about PSHE or RSE please contact Charlotte Taylor Deputy Headteacher via the school office.

Our PSHE pathways:

The Kapow Primary scheme is a whole school approach that consists of three areas of learning in EYFS: Reception (to match the EYFS Personal, social and emotional development prime area) and five areas of learning across Key stages 1 and 2. 


  • Self-regulation
  • Building relationships 
  • Managing self 

Key stage 1 and 2: 

  • Families and relationships 
  • Health and wellbeing 
  • Safety and the changing body 
  • Citizenship 
  • Economic wellbeing

Each area is revisited to allow children to build on prior learning. The lessons also provide a progressive programme.